Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)

Recommendations | Application Data | Demographics | Impact Analysis | Loan Funds


Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) offers an estimated 2.3 million immigrants across the United States access to the American Dream. The program allows qualifying Dreamers—immigrants who have lived in the U.S. since they were children but lack legal status—to earn temporary protection from deportation and a work permit. One study found that three out of five successful applicants earned a new job, half opened their first bank account, and a third obtained their first credit cards after receiving DACA.

DACA offers philanthropy the chance to play a transformative role in helping several million youth and young adults expand their contributions to society and realize their full potential. To assist with implementation efforts, GCIR launched Delivering on the Dream, an initiative that coordinates national, state, and local funding to maximize the number of individuals who ultimately benefit from this critical form of immigration relief.

Funding Recommendations


Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA): Funding Opportunities for Philanthropy, GCIR.

DACA Implementation: Implications and Opportunities for Education Funders, GCIR.

Helping Disadvantaged Youth in Rural Communities: DACA Implementation and Funding Opportunities, GCIR.

Expanding Financial Access for Immigrants: Loans for DREAMers, GCIR.

Other Groups

Increasing Asian and Pacific Islander DACA Participation: Overview and Grantmaking Recommendations, by EunSook Lee, April 2014.

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USCIS Application Data

USCIS Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Monthly Reports

Characteristics of Individuals Requesting and Approved for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), August 2012 - September 2013, USCIS, July 7, 2014.

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U.S. Census-Based Estimates

DACA at the Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying for Deferred Action, by Jeanne Batalova, Sarah Hooker, and Randy Capps, Migration Policy Institute,  August 2014. (Also see the related mapping tool, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Profiles.)

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) at Two: New MPI Findings as Renewal Approaches (PowerPoint), Migration Policy Institute, August 6, 2014.

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals at the One-Year Mark: A Profile of Currently Eligible Youth and Applicants, by Jeanne Batalova, Sarah Hooker, and Randy Capps with James D. Bachmeier and Erin Cox, Migration Policy Institute, August 2013.

Up to 1.7 Million Unauthorized Immigrant Youth May Benefit from New Deportation Rules, by Jeffrey Passel and Mark Hugo Lopez, Pew Hispanic, Center, August 14, 2012.

Relief from Deportation: Demographic Profile of the DREAMers Potentially Eligible under the Deferred Action Policy, by Jeanne Batalova and Michelle Mittelstadt, Migration Policy Institute, August 7, 2012.

Who and Where the DREAMers Are, Revised Estimates, Immigration Policy Center, October 2012.


Paths to Lawful Immigration Status: Results and Implications from the PERSON Survey, by Tom K. Wong, Donald Kerwin, Jeanne M. Atkinson, and Mary Meg McCarthy, Journal on Migration and Human Security, 2014.

In Their Own Words: A Nationwide Survey of Undocumented Millennials, by Tom K. Wong with Carolina Valdivia, United We Dream Network and Unbound Philanthropy, May 2014.

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Impact Analysis


Two Years and Counting: Assessing the Growing Power of DACA, by Roberto G. Gonzales and Angie M. Bautista-Chavez, American Immigration Council, June 2014.

How DACA is Impacting the Lives of Those Who are Now DACAmented by Roberto G. Gonzales and Veronica Terriquez, Immigration Policy Center in collaboration with the Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration (CSII) at the University of Southern California.

Immigration Facts: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), by Audrey Singer and Nicole Prchal Svajlenka, Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program, August 14, 2013.

Undocumented No More by Tom K. Wong, Angela S. García, Marisa Abrajano, David FitzGerald, Karthick Ramakrishnan,
and Sally Le, Center for American Progress, September 2013.


Economic Benefits of Granting Deferred Action to Unauthorized Immigrants Brought to U.S. as Youth, Immigration Policy Center, June 22, 2012.


Lessons from the Local Level: DACA's Implementation and Impact on Education and Training Success, by Sarah Hooker, Margie McHugh, and Angelo Mathay, Migration Policy Institute, January 2015.

Diploma, Please: Promoting Educational Attainment for DACA- and Potential DREAM Act-Eligible Youth, by Margie McHugh, Migration Policy Institute, September 2014.

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Loan Funds

Grantees for Immigrant Asset-Building Initiative Announced: Credit Unions and Immigrant Service Providers to Launch Initiative in Washington and Iowa, National Federation of Community Development Credit Unions, Northwest Area Foundation, and GCIR, September 11, 2014.

Dreamer Loan Programs: The Power of Partnerships with Community Development Credit Unions, GCIR, August 2014.

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